Moreover, coral reefs supply a wide range of ecosystem services and goods, such as food provision, shoreline protection, erosion regulation, biogeochemical cycling, and tourism and recreation opportunities (Moberg and Folke, 1999, Principe et al., 2012).
What are the 5 main ecosystem services of coral reefs?
We define it as five broad classes of ecosystem services: food production, coastal protection, water purification, carbon sequestration, tourism and recreation, as well as a range of non-use values (also known as “intrinsic value”).
What goods and services do coral reefs provide?
Coral reefs supportjobs, tourism, and fisheries.
Healthy coral reefs support commercial and subsistence fisheries as well as jobs and businesses through tourism and recreation. Approximately half of all federally managed fisheries depend on coral reefs and related habitats for a portion of their life cycles.
What is the importance of coral reefs in the ecosystem?
Coral reefs provide an important ecosystem for life underwater, protect coastal areas by reducing the power of waves hitting the coast, and provide a crucial source of income for millions of people. Coral reefs teem with diverse life. Thousands of species can be found living on one reef.
What are 3 important things about coral reefs?
10 fun facts about coral reefs
- Coral reefs protect wildlife. …
- There are three different types of coral reef. …
- Coral needs sunlight to grow. …
- Large reefs are thousands of years old. …
- Coral reefs make the sea bed more stable. …
- They also clean the water. …
- Reefs are important nesting grounds. …
- The algae on a coral reef is an animal.
Are coral reefs an ecosystem service?
Coral reefs underpin a range of ecosystem goods and services that contribute to the well-being of millions of people. However, tropical coral reefs in the Anthropocene are likely to be functionally different from reefs in the past.
What are the ecosystem services provided by marine ecosystems?
Recreation, tourism and water transport are familiar services provided by many marine ecosystems. Some unique estuarine, coastal, and marine habitats are also important stores of genetic material and have educational and scientific research value as well.
How do coral reefs provide medicine?
Coral reef plants and animals are important sources of new medicines being developed to treat cancer, arthritis, human bacterial infections, Alzheimer’s disease, heart disease, viruses, and other diseases. Since corals are stationary animals, many have evolved chemical defenses to protect themselves from predators.
How do coral reefs provide food?
Corals get their food from algae living in their tissues or by capturing and digesting prey. … The algae live within the coral polyps, using sunlight to make sugar for energy. This energy is transferred to the polyp, providing much needed nourishment.
What value do coral reefs provide?
Coral reefs support jobs, tourism, and fisheries
By one estimate, coral reefs provide economic goods and services worth about $375 billion each year.
What are 5 importance of coral reefs?
protect coastlines from the damaging effects of wave action and tropical storms. provide habitats and shelter for many marine organisms. are the source of nitrogen and other essential nutrients for marine food chains. assist in carbon and nitrogen fixing.
How do coral reefs respond to conservation measures?
Developing efforts to map and monitor coral reefs. Research the cause and find solutions to these causes of reef decline. Reduce cord reef degradation from pollution, and over fishing. Implementing strategies to promote conservation and education to the public internationally.
Why are coral reefs considered to be important yet fragile ecosystems?
Coral reefs protect coasts from strong currents and waves.
Coral reefs slow down the flow of water. … Without coral reefs many of the world’s most fragile, coastal ecosystems would be unable to thrive.