Global climate change could disrupt the global conveyer belt, causing potentially drastic temperature changes in Europe and even worldwide. … This sequence of events could slow or even stop the conveyor belt, which could result in potentially drastic temperature changes in Europe.
What can cause the global conveyor belt to change?
The ocean is not a still body of water. There is constant motion in the ocean in the form of a global ocean conveyor belt. This motion is caused by a combination of thermohaline currents (thermo = temperature; haline = salinity) in the deep ocean and wind-driven currents on the surface.
What is the role of the global conveyor belt on climate zones?
Ocean currents, including the ocean conveyor belt, play a key role in determining how the ocean distributes heat energy throughout the planet, thereby regulating and stabilizing climate patterns.
Why is the global conveyor belt slowing down?
Scientists believe that part of this slowing is directly related to our warming climate, as melting ice alters the balance in northern waters. Its impact may be seen in storms, heat waves and sea-level rise.
How does the ocean conveyor belt affect climate in Western Europe?
The AMOC is like a giant conveyor belt of water. It transports warm, salty water to the north Atlantic where it gets very cold and sinks. … This conveyor belt is one of the most important transporters of heat in the climate system and includes the Gulf Stream, known for keeping western Europe warm.
What is most likely to happen to disrupt the flow of the great ocean conveyor belt?
After ruling out most other causes, scientists say an influx of cold, fresh water from melting Greenland ice is probably disrupting the ocean conveyor belt at a delicate point, where the cooled surface water starts sinking.
How does climate change affect the biodiversity of marine ecosystems?
Climate change due to human activity has a direct impact on marine species. It alters their abundance, diversity and distribution. Their feeding, development and breeding, as well as the relationships between species are affected. Rising temperatures lead to different behaviour patterns according to species.
What factors are affecting climate?
3.1 Factors affecting climate
- distance from the sea.
- ocean currents.
- direction of prevailing winds.
- shape of the land (known as ‘relief’ or ‘topography’)
- distance from the equator.
- the El Niño phenomenon.
How does climate change affect thermohaline circulation?
Global warming could potentially cause a thermohaline circulation shutdown and subsequent regional cooling, but because Earth will continue to warm as a result of greenhouse gas emissions, it would not produce another Ice Age.