What is the climate and vegetation of Pakistan?

Natural vegetation comprises forests, shrubs and grasses, and is determined by climatic conditions and soil types. The climate of Pakistan is too dry for forests, except in the northern hilly and sub-montane belts. In Pakistan, only about 3 percent of the total area is forested. …

What is the climate of Pakistan?

Pakistan lies in the temperate zone. The climate is generally arid, characterized by hot summers and cool or cold winters, and wide variations between extremes of temperature at given locations. There is little rainfall. … The onset and duration of these seasons vary somewhat according to location.

Which climate zone of Pakistan is best for vegetation and why?

2.1 MAJOR CLIMATIC ZONES

Climatic Zone Annual Rainfall (mm) Vegetation
Semi-arid 400-600 Scrubs & bushes, grassland
Sub – humid 600-1200 Bushes to woodland, grassland
Moist sub-humid 1200-1500 Forest and woodland
Humid more than 1500 Tropical rain forest

What is the climate of natural vegetation?

The growth of natural vegetation depends upon climatic conditions existing in the place. For example, evergreen forests grow in the regions which experience heavy rainfall. … Similarly, at higher altitudes, where the climate is extremely cold, lichens and mosses grow.

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What are the climatic regions of Pakistan?

The climate of Pakistan is divided into four main climatic regions or zones i.e. Highland Climate, Low land Climate, Desert/Arid Climate, Coastal/Maritime Climate.

What is the vegetation in Pakistan?

Natural vegetation comprises forests, shrubs and grasses, and is determined by climatic conditions and soil types. The climate of Pakistan is too dry for forests, except in the northern hilly and sub-montane belts.

What is Pakistan doing about climate change?

Pakistan has recently launched an “Eco-System Restoration Fund” for supporting nature-based solutions to climate change and facilitating the transition towards environmentally resilient initiatives, covering afforestation and biodiversity conservation.

What are types of vegetation?

Vegetation regions can be divided into five major types: forest, grassland, tundra, desert, and ice sheet. Climate, soil, the ability of soil to hold water, and the slope, or angle, of the land all determine what types of plants will grow in a particular region.

How is Pakistan divided by climate?

This study has shown that Pakistan is divided into four broad distinct Precipitation effective Index climatic Zones; first is Rain forest (Wet) where PE index values are between 50 to 148, second is Forest (humid) where index values ranges between 10-49, third is partly forest (less humid) with index values ranging …

What is climate and vegetation?

Climate is the major determinant of vegetation. Plants in turn exert some degree of influence on climate. Both climate and vegetation profoundly affect soil development and the animals that live in an area. Here we examine some ways in which climate and vegetation interact.

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How are climate and vegetation connected?

Vegetation can affect climate and weather patterns due to the release of water vapor during photosynthesis. The release of vapor into the air alters the surface energy fluxes and leads to potential cloud formation.

How many types of vegetation are found in Punjab?

As per the Champion & Seth Classification of Forest types (1968), the forests in Punjab belong to three Forest Type Groups i.e. Tropical Dry Deciduous Forests, Tropical Thorn Forests and Subtropical Pine Forests which are further divided into seven Forest Types.