Is Assam a biodiversity hotspot?

The biodiversity of Assam, a state in North-East India, makes it a biological hotspot with many rare and endemic plant and animal species.

How many biodiversity hotspots are there in Assam?

Assam has the distinction of having 2 UNESCO World Heritage sites (Manas and Kaziranga) 2 Biosphere Reserves (Dibru-Saikhowa and Manas) 4 Tiger Reserves (Kaziranga, Manas, Nameri and Rajib Gandhi Orang National Parks) and 5 Elephant Reserves.

Why is Assam rich in biodiversity?

Favourable geographical location, diversified topography and ideal climatic conditions have made Assam very rich in biodiversity. The vegetation of Assam is primarily of tropical type covering areas of evergreen, semi-evergreen, grasslands, deciduous forests, grasslands and riverside forests.

What is the present status of biodiversity in Assam?


Fauna No. of Species
Mammals 193
Primates 9 (Out of 15 Indian primate species 9 are found in Assam)
Birds 950 (State is home to 53.5% of the bird species found in the Indian Sub- Continent, 17 species of birds are endemic to Assam) 45 species of birds from Assam find mention in the Indian Red Data Book.
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How many hotspots are there in Assam?

Top hotspots

Rank Region Species
12 Manas NP–Banasbari Lodge 330
13 Orang National Park 324
14 Kaziranga NP & Surroundings–Central Bagori Range 321
15 Dibru-Saikhowa NP 320

What is biodiversity hotspot in Assam?

Manas Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the State of Assam in North-East India, a biodiversity hotspot, covering an area of 39,100 hectares. In the north it is bounded by the forests of Bhutan. The Manas Wildlife Sanctuary is part of the core zone of the 283,700 hectares.

What is vegetation of Assam?

The vegetation of Assam is primarily of tropical type covering areas of evergreen, semi-evergreen, grasslands, deciduous forests, grasslands and riverside forests.

What is ecosystem of Assam?

However, broadly speaking the forest in Assam can be described into following types/ sub types. – Tropical Wet Evergreen Forests. – Tropical Semi Evergreen Forests. – Tropical Moist Deciduous Forests. – Sub-tropical Broadleaf Hill Forests.

What are the hotspots of biodiversity in India?

It hosts four biodiversity hotspots: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and Sundaland (including the Nicobar Islands). These hotspots have numerous endemic species. Nearly 5% of India’s total area is formally classified under protected areas.

What are the major industries of Assam?


  • Capital:Dispur.
  • Geographical Area (sq km):78,438.
  • State Language:Assamese, Bodo, Bengali and English.
  • Literacy Rate:72.2 per cent.
  • Key Industries:Tea, coal, oil and gas, Limestone and Cement, agriculture, horticulture, food processing and tourism.

What is diversity of Assam?

Assam is the meeting ground of diverse cultures. The people of the enchanting state of Assam are an intermixture of various racial stocks such as Mongoloid, Indo-Burmese, Indo-Iranian and Aryan. The Assamese culture is a rich and exotic tapestry of all these races evolved through a long assimilative process.

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Which species is now restricted only to Assam?

Bambusa jaintiana and Melocanna arundiana are the species reported only from Assam. There are no exclusive bamboo forest in the plains of Assam, bamboo grooves are found mostly along the edge of Reserve Forests.

Which fauna is found only in Assam?

Which of the following fauna is found only in Assam state of India? The pygmy hog is a critically endangered suid, previously spread across India, Nepal, and Bhutan, but now only found in Assam.It is listed under critically endangered species with world population of 150 individuals.