How does the Frailejon plant help manage water in the paramo ecosystem?

The plants’ hairy leaves and thick spongy trunks trap water vapor from the air and release it through their roots. … The endemic frailejon plants in Ovejas Tausó. In addition to securing clean water, Páramo Ovejas Tauso Regional Natural Park also protects hundreds of plants and animal species.

Why are frailejones important?

Frailejones and others are very important for the ecosystem because they regulate the water cycle (they store water from the clouds/fog and slowly release it into the environment), produce most of the biomass in the Páramo, counteract soil erosion and are essential for the survival of several species.

How much water does the moss in the páramo retain?

The tropical plants and moss in the páramo act like a sponge, trapping moisture from the foggy air, storing it in the soil during the dry season, and releasing it gradually. One páramo, in Chingaza National Park east of Bogotá, provides the city with 70 percent of its water.

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Why is there a high degree of endemism in páramo plants in the Andes mountain range?

Due to its isolation there are high levels of endemism. Despite many human settlements and some destruction of habitat by agriculture and mining, the ecoregion is relatively intact.

Where is the páramo located?

It is concentrated in the northwest corner of South America, mostly in Venezuela, Colombia, and Ecuador, but there are outliers in Costa Rica, Panama, and northern Peru (see front and back endpapers, which show in black the area above 3000 m elevation that is potentially páramo).

How do the Páramos supply water to lowland communities of people?

“Páramos are a very important source of water,” says SEI Senior Scientist Francisco Flores-López. “They act like sponges, absorbing rain and moisture from the air. The soils are rich in organic matter, so they have high storage capacity – and they release the water slowly but steadily.

What is the Paramo in Colombia?

Páramo is a unique, high-altitude ecosystem located only in the Andes of Ecuador, Peru, and Colombia, along with a few small areas in Central America. Páramo is found above timberline (~10,000 feet) and below the snow line (~16,000 feet} with average rainfall at about 80 inches per year.

What are the problems within chingaza National Park and in Bogota Colombia that affect water resource availability?

Chingaza and its watersheds, as well as the two other systems that supply the city, are under pressure from human activity such as change in land use, deforestation and agriculture, and climate change.

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What animal does Colombia have the largest number of species in the world?

Interestingly, Colombia has the largest number of terrestrial mammals (those that live predominantly or entirely on land) in the world. Some of the most common animals that are found in Colombia are anteaters, sloths, tapirs, spectacled bears, deer, capybaras, pumas, jaguars and several monkey species.

What does páramo mean?

Definition of paramo

: a high bleak plateau or district (as in the Andes) specifically : alpine meadow of northern and western South American uplands.

What is the páramo in the Andes?

The páramo is the ecosystem of the regions above the continuous forest line, yet below the permanent snowline. It is a “Neotropical high mountain biome with a vegetation composed mainly of giant rosette plants, shrubs and grasses”.

What is the threat páramo faces?

The páramo is a high mountain ecosystem situated between 3,200 and 4,200 metres above sea level, and one of the most vulnerable in Ecuador. The threats that it faces are the result of climate change, deforestation and changes in land use.

What type of ecosystem is a páramo?

Paramo is a grassland-shrubland ecosystem found between ∼ 3000–5000 masl from Venezuela to northern Peru (Fig. 3) in areas that are humid year-round, with > 3000 mm of annual precipitation, and that lack strong seasonality (Rundel et al., 1994).

Does Costa Rica have tundra?

Paramos exist at higher altitudes—from 3,000 meters (roughly 9,800 feet) above sea level to the permanent snowline. … This is above the continuous timberline—at least for larger trees. Temperatures are highly variable, but generally much colder than the lowlands.

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How far north do the Andes go?

The Andes consist of a vast series of extremely high plateaus surmounted by even higher peaks that form an unbroken rampart over a distance of some 5,500 miles (8,900 kilometres)—from the southern tip of South America to the continent’s northernmost coast on the Caribbean.