Frequent question: What are agro biodiversity hotspots?

On the basis of number of endemic plants and threat to original natural vegetation, the World Wildlife Fund and Conservation International [7] has identified 35 regions as biodiversity “hotspots”, i.e. areas biologically rich and seriously threatened which must be protected.

What do you mean by agro biodiversity?

Agricultural biodiversity, also known as agrobiodiversity or the genetic resources for food and agriculture, includes: … Non-harvested species in the wider environment that support food production ecosystems (agricultural, pastoral, forest and aquatic ecosystems).

What is the other name of agro biodiversity?

CGIAR tends to use agricultural biodiversity or agrobiodiversity, while the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO) uses ‘biodiversity for food and agriculture’ and the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) uses the term ‘agricultural diversity’.

Why agro biodiversity is important?

Benefits of Agrobiodiversity

Reduces the pressure of agriculture on fragile areas, forests and endangered species. Makes farming systems more stable, robust, and sustainable. Conserves soil and increase natural soil fertility and health. Reduces dependency on external inputs.

What is agro biodiversity conservation?

Agrobiodiversity is a broad term that encompasses all components of biological diversity of relevance to food and agriculture as well as the larger agricultural ecosystems that contribute to production.

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How many agro biodiversity hotspots are there in India?

Agro-biodiversity Hotspots of India

S. No. Hotspot Region
3. Eastern Himalayan
4. Brahmaputra Valley
5. Khasia-Jaintia-Garo Hills
6. North-Eastern Hills

What are the three types of biodiversity?

Usually three levels of biodiversity are discussed—genetic, species, and ecosystem diversity.

Which of the following is a biodiversity hotspot in India?

In India four hotspots are present namely, Himalayas, Western Ghats, Indo-Burman region and Sundaland which consists of Nicobar group of Islands. So, the correct answer is option “C” that is the Western Ghats are considered a hot-spot of biodiversity in India.

What are the main causes of biodiversity?

8 Major Causes of Biodiversity – Explained!

  • Habitat Loss and Fragmentation: A habitat is the place where a plant or animal naturally lives. …
  • Over-exploitation for Commercialization: …
  • Invasive Species: …
  • Pollution: …
  • Global Climate Change: …
  • Population Growth and Over-consumption: …
  • Illegal Wildlife Trade: …
  • Species extinction:

How does Agroecosystem differ from natural ecosystem?

So the difference is an ecosystem is natural and an agroecosystem is manmade. An example of the difference between an ecosystem and an Agroecosystem is a farmer plants only one type of seed in a field but in nature, many different types of plants grow alongside one another.

Why do hotspots matter?

Biodiversity underpins all life on Earth.

Without species, there would be no air to breathe, no food to eat, no water to drink. There would be no human society at all. And as the places on Earth where the most biodiversity is under the most threat, hotspots are critical to human survival.

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What is the importance of Agroecosystem?

Agricultural biodiversity ensures, for example, pollination of crops, biological crop protection, maintenance of proper structure and fertility of soils, protection of soils against erosion, nutrient cycling, and control of water flow and distribution.

What are the benefits of biodiversity?

A healthy biodiversity offers many natural services

  • Protection of water resources.
  • Soils formation and protection.
  • Nutrient storage and recycling.
  • Pollution breakdown and absorption.
  • Contribution to climate stability.
  • Maintenance of ecosystems.
  • Recovery from unpredictable events.