What country in Latin America contains 5% of the world’s biodiversity?
Latin America is a biodiversity powerhouse
For example, Ecuador has studied only 2 and 5 percent of its marine and terrestrial biodiversity, respectively.
What percentage of biodiversity does Latin America and the Caribbean contain?
Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) region is known for its abundant natural capital and biodiversity as it has the greatest diversity of species and ecosystems on the planet. The region accounts for 40% of the earth’s biodiversity (Bovarnick et al. 2010) and is home to 11 of the earth’s 14 biomes (Blackman et al.
Why is Latin America so diverse?
That is due to the presence of Spain, Portugal and other powers in the region, where by the sixteen century the European culture, customs and government became ‘the way’, along with the Roman Catholic Church. …
Why is biodiversity so rich in Central America?
Within the region are tall mountains, tropical rainforests, and fertile valleys. Experts have identified Central America as a biodiversity hotspots because within its borders live 7% of the world’s plant and animal life. Higher numbers of species can be found in the southern countries than in the northern countries.
Which South American country is most diverse?
Choose Colombia for its Biodiversity
According to the World Wildlife Fund, Colombia is the number one most diverse country when considering the number of species per square kilometer.
How much of the world’s biodiversity is in Central America?
With only 0.5 percent of the world’s land surface, Central America is home to more than 7 percent of the planet’s biodiversity.
What percent of Latin America is covered in forests?
Forty-nine percent of the total area of Latin America and the Caribbean is covered by forests: they extend for 891 million hectares, representing approximately 22% of the forest area existing in the world.