How does altitude affect the climate of a place?
Altitude or height above sea level – Locations at a higher altitude have colder temperatures. Temperature usually decreases by 1°C for every 100 metres in altitude. 4. … This means that coastal locations tend to be cooler in summer and warmer in winter than places inland at the same latitude and altitude.
How altitude affects climate of a place explain with an example class 9?
The places located at higher altitudes lie far from the equator and receive less sunlight and places that are situated towards the equator receives more sunlight and are hotter than the places located at higher latitudes. Sunlight also causes low precipitation or rainfall.
How does location affect the climate of India?
India is bounded by Indian Ocean, Arabian sea, and Bay of Bengal which affects its climate. … Direction of prevailing winds – Winds blowing from the sea to land often bring rain to the coastal inland areas. In India, wind blows from north to south because of the High pressure on the Himalayas during winter.
What are the factors affecting climate of India Class 9?
Class 9 Climate: Factors Affecting the Climate of India
- Latitude. …
- Altitude. …
- Pressure and Winds. …
- Hot Weather Season (Summer) …
- Cold Weather Season (Winter) …
- Advancing Monsoon (Rainy) …
- Retreating/Post-Monsoon Season (Transition Season) …
How does altitude and land topography affect climate?
The topography of an area can influence the weather and climate. … Mountainous areas tend to have more extreme weather because it acts as a barrier to air movements and moisture. One side of mountain can be dry while the other side is full of vegetation. Mountains can cause a physical barrier to rain clouds.
How do latitude and altitude influence the climate of a place give one example in each case?
Latitude or distance from the equator. Temperatures drop the further an area is from the equator due to the curvature of the earth. In areas closer to the poles, sunlight has a larger area of atmosphere to pass through and the sun is at a lower angle in the sky.
How does altitude affect South African climate?
Altitude and Temperature
In South Africa, the lowest temperatures are usually found in the high-altitude areas and mountains, but this can be influenced by other factors. If all other factors are equal, air temperature decreases with increasing height above sea level; i.e. the temperature goes down, as you go higher.
How does the altitude and the slope of a mountain affect climate?
At higher altitudes, the air is less dense and air molecules are more spread out and less likely to collide. A location in the mountains has lower average temperatures than one at the base of the mountains. … rainshadow effect, which brings warm, dry climate to the leeward side of a mountain range (Figure below).
What is altitude in climate?
Altitude and Climate:
Altitude describes how high a certain point is located above sea level or ground level. Climate, often confused with short-term weather trends, describes the long-term prevailing weather patterns of a region. For example, the American Southwest has a climate that is dry and hot.
Which factors affecting India’s climate?
Factors Influencing Indian Climate
- Latitudinal location.
- Distance from the Sea.
- The Himalayas.
- Monsoon Winds.
- Upper Air Circulation.
- El Nino and La Nina.
- Tropical Cyclones and Western Disturbances.
What are the five factors that affect the climate of India?
Explain any 5 factors that affect the climate of India
- Pressure and winds.
- Distance from sea.
- Ocean current.
What are the factors affecting India’s climate explain?
Latitude, attitude, pressure and winds are factors that influence the India’s climate. The Tropic of Cancer passes through the middle of the country from the Rann of Kuchchh in the west to Mizoram in the east.