Why is the savanna so important?
Savannas are important to protect because they are rich in biodiversity. They are home to some of the world’s most exotic animals and birds. Savannas are located in migration corridors of animals and birds and contain some of the world’s largest watersheds.
What is special about the savanna?
Characteristics of the Savanna
Grasses and trees – The savanna is a rolling grassland with scattered trees and shrubs. Rainy and dry seasons – Savannas have two distinct seasons in regards to precipitation.
What would happen if there was no savanna?
Because there isn’t always rainfall, the savannas have many fires and seasonal droughts. Thus, animals and plants must be able to adapt to the long dry seasons. … With less vegetation, savannas can easily become deserts, creating new challenges for the plants and animals living there.
What is an example of a savanna ecosystem?
Some examples of savanna habitat are the East African plains, the South American pampas, and the open woodlands of northern Australia. The savanna is home to large herds of grazing wildlife and the predators that follow them.
What is savanna crops?
The crops grown in the savanna are mainly annuals, the staple food crops being maize, millets and sorghum, but in many regions cassava is planted as a ‘hedge’ against crop failure. Cash crops include groundnuts, cotton and, at higher altitudes in East Mrica, coffee.
What are the characteristics of savanna ecosystem?
Savanna vegetation includes scrub , grasses and occasional trees, which grow near water holes , seasonal rivers or aquifers . Plants and animals have to adapt to the long dry periods. Many plants are xerophytic – for example, the acacia tree with its small, waxy leaves and thorns.