Why Himalayan range is very rich in species diversity?
The Himalayan range is a confluence of the Trans-Himalayan zone, Himalayan zone, and Northeast zone, Which are part of the Biodiversity Hotspot as well. These zones have Tropical, Temperate and Tundra type of climate which makes it rich in biodiversity of flora and fauna.
Which part of Himalayas is rich in biodiversity?
The central Himalayas are the most rich in faunal diversity with 14,183 species, followed by the west Himalayas, which is home to 12,022 species.
What is Himalayan biodiversity?
Himalayan forests nurture staggering diversity of life forms richness across longitudinal and altitudinal gradients, and are therefore classified as one of the 36 global biodiversity hotspots. The idea of a biodiversity hotspot was first mooted by Norman Myers in 1988.
How is Nepal rich in biodiversity?
Nepal is rich in term of biodiversity. There are high mountains, high hills and plain land of Terai regions where different species of plants and animals are found. And it is rich in physical diversity also. … It is recorded that Nepal has a total of 118 types of ecosystem, 75 types of vegetation and 35 types of forests.
Why biodiversity conservation of Himalaya is important?
2004) and globally important as centres of biological diversity. The Himalayas is recognized for its ecosystem services to the Asian region as well as to the world at large for maintaining slope stability, regulating hydrological integrity, sustaining high levels of biodiversity and human wellbeing.
Why is species biodiversity decreasing in the Himalayas?
Geographical area is positively associated with species diversity, and area decreases gradually with increasing elevations. Therefore, there tend to be fewer species at high elevations in mountainous regions .
Why are the Himalayas endangered?
The conversion of forests for agriculture and exploitation for timber, fodder and fuelwood threaten the biodiversity in this region. Charcoal production in low elevation areas and intensive grazing at higher elevations also threatens forests. … It is common to see cows, water buffalo and goats grazing in forests.
Why is Himalaya a hotspot?
Himalaya: A Biodiversity Hotspot!!
The mountains rise abruptly, resulting in a diversity of ecosystems that range from alluvial grasslands and subtropical broadleaf forests to alpine meadows above the tree line. Vascular plants have even been recorded at more than 6,000 meters.