Why do rainforests have high biodiversity?

Are rainforests high biodiversity?

Biodiversity: Tropical rainforests are areas of extremely high biodiversity compared to other ecosystems. … Biologists estimate that tropical rainforests contain about 50% of the world’s terrestrial plant and animal species, yet they encompass only about 6% of the world’s land area.

Why is biodiversity so high in tropical rainforests quizlet?

Biodiversity is high because the warm and wet consistent climate in tropical rainforests is able to sustain life in all different forms. … Temperature and precipitation allow you to determine the quality of the soil in the region, which result in an ability to determine the ability of the region to sustain life.

Why biodiversity is highest in the tropical area?

The higher temperatures in the tropics cause higher rates of metabolism, ecological dynamics and coevolutionary processes, which generate and maintain higher biodiversity.

Why do tropical rainforests have high productivity and why do tropical rainforests have high biodiversity?

Climate: because rainforests are located in tropical regions, they receive a lot of sunlight. … Since there is a lot of sunlight, there is a lot of energy in the rainforest. This energy is stored in plant vegetation, which is eaten by animals. The abundance of energy supports an abundance of plant and animal species.

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What is biodiversity in the rainforest?

Tropical rainforests are the most biologically diverse terrestrial ecosystems in the world. The Amazon rainforest is the world’s largest tropical rainforest. It is home to around 40,000 plant species, nearly 1,300 bird species, 3,000 types of fish, 427 species of mammals, and 2.5 million different insects.

What causes high biodiversity?

Ecosystems that host the most biodiversity tend to have ideal environmental conditions for plant growth, like the warm and wet climate of tropical regions. Ecosystems can also contain species too small to see with the naked eye.

Why is biodiversity so low in tundra and desert biomes?

Tundra Biome

Because of these low temperatures and short growing seasons, net primary productivity is very low in the tundra, between 100–200 g m2 yr1. … Biodiversity in the tundra is low and dominated by mosses, lichens, and low-growing perennial shrubs.

What is high biodiversity?

High biodiversity is a habitat or ecosystem that has a high number of different species.

Why is biodiversity higher near the equator?

There might be more biodiversity near the equator because it’s warmer year round, allowing organisms to continue growing. Locations away from the equator will have cold winters that will slow growth for microorganisms, plants and animals.

Why does biodiversity tend to be higher in areas closest to the equator or tropical areas quizlet?

Why are areas near the equator have more species richness? Greater amounts of solar energy, heat, and humidity at tropical latitudes lead to more plant growth, making areas nearer the equator more productive and able to support larger numbers of animals.

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