Who discovered environmental chemistry?

What is the history of environmental chemistry?

In the 1970s, environmental chemists began studying the effects of human-caused chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) on the stratospheric ozone layer. Discovered in the 1930s, CFCs were used as solvents, refrigerants, and foaming agents in plastic and rubber manufacturing.

Who gave 12 principles of green chemistry?

Our re-engineering approach is guided by the 12 Principles of Green Chemistry, developed by Paul T. Anastas and John C. Warner in 1991.

What is the meaning of environmental chemistry?

Environmental chemistry is the study of chemical processes that occur in water, air, terrestrial and living environments, and the effects of human activity on them. It includes topics such as astrochemistry, atmospheric chemistry, environmental modelling, geochemistry, marine chemistry and pollution remediation.

What is the focus of environmental chemistry?

Environmental chemistry focuses on the chemical processes influencing the composition and chemical speciation of natural systems (air, water and soils), the chemical fate and mobility of contaminants in the environment, chemical processes that affect the toxicity and bioavailability of contaminants, and chemical …

What are the fundamental of environmental chemistry?

effects different elements, molecules or chemical products have on the environment and the species living within it. The four major pillars of the environment are the biosphere, the atmosphere, the hydrosphere, and the geosphere.

THIS IS INTERESTING:  What type of organism helps with waste?

What are the examples of environmental chemistry?

Environmental Chemistry

  • Contamination.
  • Poisons and toxins.
  • Poisons and Toxins.
  • Chemicals from Consumers.
  • Fresh Water, Natural Contaminants in.
  • Soil Pollution.
  • Atmospheric Deposition.
  • Pollution and Bioremediation.

What is environmental chemistry used for?

Environmental chemists assess the long-term risks of contaminants in soil and groundwater, both to ecological and human health. They apply for environmental permits to undertake corrective strategies, classify contaminated soils as hazardous waste, manage their disposal, and supervise on-site remediation.