What is the ocean’s role in climate?
The oceans also regulate the global climate; they mediate temperature and drive the weather, determining rainfall, droughts, and floods. They are also the world’s largest store of carbon, where an estimated 83% of the global carbon cycle is circulated through marine waters.
What role do oceans play in the water cycle?
Not only do the oceans provide evaporated water to the water cycle, they also allow water to move all around the globe as ocean currents. Oceans are the storehouses of water nature uses to run the water cycle.
What is a maritime climate quizlet?
oceanic (maritime) climate. climate characterized by warm summers and cold winters but a relatively narrow temperature range due to the ocean’s moderating influence; precipitation throughout the year (ex: Scotland)
What is the important role of ocean current to people’s life?
By moving heat from the equator toward the poles, ocean currents play an important role in controlling the climate. Ocean currents are also critically important to sea life. They carry nutrients and food to organisms that live permanently attached in one place, and carry reproductive cells and ocean life to new places.
What are oceans used for?
The ocean is one of Earth’s most valuable natural resources. It provides food in the form of fish and shellfish—about 200 billion pounds are caught each year. It’s used for transportation—both travel and shipping. It provides a treasured source of recreation for humans.
How do ocean currents play a role in our weather and climate?
Ocean currents act as conveyer belts of warm and cold water, sending heat toward the polar regions and helping tropical areas cool off, thus influencing both weather and climate. … The ocean doesn’t just store solar radiation; it also helps to distribute heat around the globe.
What is the role of the sun and ocean in the weather climate and the water cycle?
The water cycle is important to weather and climate and, ultimately, to all life on Earth. … This solar energy drives the cycle by evaporating water from the oceans, lakes, rivers, and even the soil. Other water moves from plants to the atmosphere through the process of transpiration.
What is the temperature in the ocean?
The average temperature of the sea surface is about 20° C (68° F), but it ranges from more than 30° C (86° F) in warm tropical regions to less than 0°C at high latitudes. In most of the ocean, the water becomes colder with increasing depth.