Which are the two main climatic factors responsible for soil formation Class 8 Ncert?

What are the 2 main climatic factors responsible for soil formation?

Solution: Temperature and rainfall are the two main climatic factors responsible for soil formation.

What are the three main climatic factors responsible for soil formation?

(i) Temperature and rainfall are the two main climatic factors responsible for soil formation. (ii) Deforestation and the indiscriminate use of chemical pesticides and fertilisers in agricultural lands are two factors contributing to land degradation. (iii) Land is among the most important natural resources.

Which are the main factors responsible for soil formation?

Soils are formed by the weathering of rocks or materials deposited by rivers or wind. There are five groups of factors responsible for the kind, rate and extent of soil development. They are: Climate, organisms, parent material, topography and time.

How climate is responsible for soil formation?

Climate indirectly affects soil formation through its influence on organisms as well. High temperatures and rainfall increase the degree of weathering and therefore the extent of soil development. Increase of rainfall increase organic matter content, decrease pH, increase leaching of basic ions, movement of clay etc.

THIS IS INTERESTING:  How many times can you recycle HDPE plastic?

What are two main climate factors?

The two most important factors in the climate of an area are temperature and precipitation. The yearly average temperature of the area is obviously important, but the yearly range in temperature is also important.

What is climate in soil formation?

The term climate in pedology refers to the characteristics of weather as they evolve over time scales longer than those necessary for soil properties to develop. … Climate influences soil formation primarily through effects of water and solar energy.

What are the main factors responsible for soil formation class 8?

Answer: Temperature and rainfall are the two main climatic factors responsible for soil formation.

What are the factors of soil formation class 8?

The relief features, parent material, climate, vegetation, and other life-forms, as well as time apart from human activities, are the major factors responsible for the formation of soil.