What marine ecosystem is the most taxonomically diverse?

What is the largest floating ecosystem?

The world’s largest floating ecosystem is the neritic zone.

What is coastal marine ecosystem?

Marine and coastal ecosystems include estuaries and coastal waters and lands. Within these systems are sensitive habitats, marine sanctuaries, national parks, aquaculture, fisheries, and tourism activities. … Coastal and marine ecosystems are intimately linked to climate.

What do you call a diverse underwater ecosystem?

A coral reef is an underwater ecosystem characterized by reef-building corals. Reefs are formed of colonies of coral polyps held together by calcium carbonate. … Sometimes called rainforests of the sea, shallow coral reefs form some of Earth’s most diverse ecosystems.

Why are coastal ecosystems highly productive?

Coastal ecosystems are generally highly productive ecosystems for several reasons. They benefit from nutrient-rich runoff from land. … The combination of nutrients, ample light, and shelter make coastal ecosystems diverse and rich.

What is the name of the biggest type of underwater ecosystem in the world?

Coral reefs are one of the most well-known marine ecosystems in the world, with the largest being the Great Barrier Reef. These reefs are composed of large coral colonies of a variety of species living together. The corals from multiple symbiotic relationships with the organisms around them.

What coastal ecosystems are among the most productive?

Estuaries. Estuaries, places where rivers meet the sea, are among the most productive environments for supporting commercial fisheries around the world and are vital to the economy. This makes the protection and restoration of these complex ecosystems particularly important.

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