What is Ethiopia’s traditional climate classification?

What are the main traditional classification of season in Ethiopia?

Ethiopia is characterized by three distinct seasons. These are locally known as Bega (October to January), Belg (February to May) and Kiremt (June to September). The rainfall pattern is also named according to their rainfall distribution [18-22].

What climate zone is Ethiopia in?

Ethiopia is in the tropical zone laying between the Equator and the Tropic of Cancer. It has three different climate zones according to elevation. Kolla (Tropical zone) – is below 1830 metres in elevation and has an average annual temperature of about 27 degree Celsius with annual rainfall about 510 millimetres.

What is Ethiopia’s major climate controls?

The climate of Ethiopia is therefore mainly controlled by the seasonal migration of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) and associated atmospheric circulations as well as by the complex topography of the country.

What is Ethiopia geography?

Ethiopia is a country rich in geographical diversity. It consists of rugged mountains, flat-topped plateaus, deep gorges and river valleys. It is erosion, volcanic eruptions and tectonic movements over the ages that have contributed to the nations diverse topography.

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Does Ethiopia have a Mediterranean climate?

Although the hot zone’s average annual daytime temperature is about 27°C, midyear readings in the arid and semiarid areas along the Red Sea coast often soar to 50°C and to more than 40°C in the arid Ogaden. … Their effect on the coastal region, however, is to create a Mediterranean-like climate.

What is Ethiopia’s economic geography?

The economy of Ethiopia is a mixed and transition economy with a large public sector. The government of Ethiopia is in the process of privatizing many of the state-owned businesses and moving toward a market economy.

Which geographical factor is more important to the climate of Ethiopia?

Importantly, Ethiopia’s climate varies with elevation (Fig. 3). Elevation is the most important determinant of the average annual temperature of the country with a reduction of 0.5–0.7 °C per 100 m increase in altitude (Liljequist, 1986).

How is Ethiopia affected by climate change?

Ethiopia has been experiencing climate extremes, such as droughts and floods, increased temperature, and erratic rainfall (22). Studies show that the frequency and magnitude of droughts has increased over the past few decades, especially in the lowland areas of the country (23).

What is the geography and climate like in Ethiopia?

As a result of its position and its varied topography, Ethiopia’s climate varies – broadly speaking – from tropical in the north-eastern lowlands and south-eastern lowlands to temperate and cool in the highlands.

What are the main characteristics of Ethiopian rivers?

The country is characterized by vast complex mountains, dissecting plateaus, lowlands, semi-desert, and tropical forests. Ethiopia has twelve lakes and nine major rivers with several tributaries.

The Major Rivers Of Ethiopia.

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Rank Major Rivers of Ethiopia Total Length
10 Weyib 280 miles

What are the 7 climate controls?

These include latitude, elevation, nearby water, ocean currents, topography, vegetation, and prevailing winds.