What does evidence reveal about hereditary and environmental influences on intelligence quizlet?

How stable are intelligence test scores over the life span?

They have demonstrated that childhood cognitive ability accounts for 50% of the variance in cognitive ability in older age, 9 and that individual differences in intelligence continue to be stable across almost the entire human life span, into the tenth decade.

Are intelligence tests inappropriately biased quizlet?

are intelligence tests inappropriately biased? aptitude tests aim to predict how well a test-taker will perform in a given situation. so they are necessarily “biased” in the sense that they are sensitive to performance differences caused by cultural experience.

What is the stability of intelligence scores over time?

The stability of intelligence test scores increases with age. At age 4, scores fluctuate somewhat but begin to predict adolescent and adult scores. By early adolescence, scores are very stable and predictive.

What is the relationship between neural processing speed and intelligence?

In turn, given that reaction time is highly correlated with IQ, then those individuals with faster neural processing speeds have higher IQ’s. Consequently, neural processing speed determines the level of intelligence of the individual; this intelligence is the one general intelligence, g. Summary.

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What does evidence reveal about environmental influences on intelligence?

10-15: What does evidence reveal about environmental influences on intelligence? Studies of twins, family members, and adoptees also provide evidence of environmental influences. … Males and females tend to have the same average intelligence test scores. They differ in some specific abilities.

What does the evidence reveal about heredity and environmental influences on intelligence?

Evidence for hereditary influences on intelligence comes from the following observations: Family studies show that intelligence tends to run in families. Twin studies show a higher correlation between identical twins in IQ than between fraternal twins.

How do psychologists define intelligence and what are the arguments for general intelligence quizlet?

Most psychologists now define intelligence as the ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and adapt to new situations. Arguments for considering intelligence as a general mental ability underlying all specific mental abilities are based in part on factor analysis.

How do psychologists define intelligence quizlet?

Intelligence is a mental quality consisting of the potential to learn from experience, solve problems, and use knowledge to adapt to new situations.

Whose theory of intelligence states that there are different types of intelligence that relate to different areas of brain anatomy?

First introduced in his 1983 book “Frames of Mind,” Howard Gardner, a psychologist and professor at Harvard University, states that there are eight types of human intelligence — each representing different ways of how a person best processes information.

How does intelligence change over time?

Yes, your IQ can change over time. But [IQ] tests give you the same answer to a very substantial extent, even over a period of year. The older you are, the more stable your test score will be. The most volatility in IQ scores is in childhood, mostly in adolescence.

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