What are the major environmental problem of hilly ecosystem?

What is Hill ecosystem?

Mountain lands provide a scattered but diverse array of habitats in which a large range of plants and animals can be found. At higher altitudes harsh environmental conditions generally prevail, and a treeless alpine vegetation, upon which the present account is focused, is supported.

What is the main problem of mountain areas?

Mountain biodiversity faces a number of serious and growing challenges. Habitat degradation caused by unsustainable clearing of land results in erosion of fertile soil and increases the threat of avalanches, landslides and flooding. With this change in habitat, rare species of plants and animals can face extinction.

How do mountains and hills affect climate?

Fourthly, mountains themselves play a major role in influencing regional and glo- bal climates. They act as barriers for wind flow, which induces enhanced precipita- tion on the windward side, and reduced precipitation and warmer temperatures on the leeward side.

Which aspect of ecosystem are land topography climate?

8. Which aspect of ecosystem is represented by land topography and climate? Physical aspect of ecosystem is represented by land topography and climate.

What are disadvantages of mountains?

Possible Disadvantages of Living in the Mountains:

  • can be isolated.
  • city is further away.
  • can be harder to access telecommunication services.
  • snow can make getting in and out difficult.
  • tricky, and sometimes pricy, to build on a sloped lot.
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What is the biggest challenges in mountain ecosystems and why?

The analysis revealed that many mountain systems face both abrupt threats, such as extreme weather events and economic crises, and gradual threats, such as climate change and policy change.

What are the threats of mountains?


  • Increasing pressure from mass tourism. Hundreds of trekker camp at the peak of Mt. …
  • Increasing garbage volume. A pile of garbage in Mount Lawu highest camp 3.150 m asl. …
  • Illegal hunting. Muntjac deer heads were left by hunter in Mount Lawu. …
  • Signs of degrading ecosystem.