What are the major ecosystem in Nigeria?

What are the ecosystems in Nigeria?

The diversity of the country’s natural ecosystems ranges from semi-arid savanna to mountain forests, rich seasonal floodplain environments, rainforests, vast freshwater swamp forests and diverse coastal vegetation. Nigeria’s Niger Delta contains the largest tract of mangrove in Africa.

What are the major biomes of Nigeria?

Nigerian Biomes

The four main biomes found within Nigeria are tropical rainforests, swampy mangroves and savannas.

What is in the ecosystem?

An ecosystem is a geographic area where plants, animals, and other organisms, as well as weather and landscape, work together to form a bubble of life. Ecosystems contain biotic or living, parts, as well as abiotic factors, or nonliving parts. … Abiotic factors include rocks, temperature, and humidity.

Does Nigeria have tropical rainforest?

Most of Nigeria’s rainforests are located in the Niger River Delta. … Together those eight states account for nearly 95 percent of Nigeria’s land area that has more than 50 percent tree cover.

What kind of plants are in Nigeria?

Native Plants Of Nigeria

Native Plants of Nigeria Scientific Name
Ube Dacryodes edulis
Yohimbe Pausinystalia johimbe
Light Bosse Guarea cedrata
African Corkwood Tree Musanga cecropioides

What are the types of forest in Nigeria?

In terms of vegetation structure, Nigeria can be divided into nine vegetation zones (Siynabola et al., 2003). Out of these, five are forest formations and four are savanna formations (Figure 1). The forest types are mangrove, freshwater swamp, lowland rain forest, riparian, and montane forests respectively.

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What are biotic communities?

Biotic communities are regional plant formations characterized by particular species of plants and animals. Using previous works and modifying the existing terminology of biologists, ecologists, and biogeographers, these biotic communities have been incorporated in an hierarchical classification system (Brown et al.

What is Nigeria known for?

Welcome to Nigeria

Nigeria is the most populous black nation on Earth. It is home to the second largest film industry on the globe whilst also being the fashion, technological and creative hub in Africa. Nigerians are known for their vibrant and friendly energy expressed through diverse creative expressions.

What are the four vegetation zones in Nigeria?

The ecological zones in Nigeria are based on Keay (1949), and are defined from South to North as follows: Mangrove Swamp and Coastal Vegetation, Freshwater Swamp Forest, Lowland Rain Forest, Derived Savanna, Guinea Savanna, Sudan Savanna, and Sahel Savanna.