What are the ecological and economic benefits provided by biodiversity?

What are the ecological benefits of biodiversity?

Greater biodiversity in ecosystems, species, and individuals leads to greater stability. For example, species with high genetic diversity and many populations that are adapted to a wide variety of conditions are more likely to be able to weather disturbances, disease, and climate change.

What are the economic benefits associated with biodiversity?

Biodiversity provides high variety of food: crops, livestock, forestry, and fish are important food source of human species. … Wild species and varieties can supply genes for improving domesticated species by improving their yield, disease resistance, tolerance and vigor; this can increase the profit of farming.

What are the ecological services provided by biodiversity?

Many key ecosystem services provided by biodiversity, such as nutrient cycling, carbon sequestration, pest regulation and pollination, sustain agricultural productivity. Promoting the healthy functioning of ecosystems ensures the resilience of agriculture as it intensifies to meet growing demands for food production.

What are some ecological benefits?

Environmental benefits

  • Conservation of resources by using fewer virgin materials.
  • Reduction in waste through reuse and recycling.
  • Using recycled material in new products.
  • Reduction in energy use yields less pollution, including gases that contribute to climate change.
  • Reduction of toxic chemicals into the environment.
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What is economic biodiversity?

Biodiversity is “the variability among living organisms from all sources including terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems, and the ecological complexes of which they are part; this includes diversity within species, between species, and of ecosystems.” It is the foundation of life on Earth. –

Which of the following are benefits provided by biodiversity?

A healthy biodiversity provides a number of natural services for everyone:

  • Ecosystem services, such as. Protection of water resources. Soils formation and protection. …
  • Biological resources, such as. Food. Medicinal resources and pharmaceutical drugs. …
  • Social benefits, such as. Research, education and monitoring.

What are the indirect economic benefits of biodiversity?

What is also the indirect economic value of biodiversity? Indirect economic value is a SERVICE provided by organizations that does not need to be collected. To produce medicine, food and clothing, all organisms must be harvested, while organisms readily provide flood protection.

What are the social benefits of biodiversity?

Biodiversity gives resilience—from the microbes that contribute to the formation of the human biome to the genes that help us adapt to stress in the environment—supports all forms of livelihoods, may help regulate disease, and is necessary for physical, mental, and spiritual health and social well-being.

What are 3 social benefits provided by biodiversity?

Biodiversity is known to underpin these ecosystem services, which inter alia, include: 1) provisioning services that provide potable water, food, fibre and medicine; 2) regulating services which control our climate, disease vectors, crop pests and pollinators; 3) cultural services that influence our beliefs, traditions …

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What are the 10 services provided by ecosystems?

Regulating services

  • Purification of water and air.
  • Carbon sequestration and climate regulation.
  • Waste decomposition and detoxification.
  • Predation regulates prey populations.
  • Biological control pest and disease control.
  • Pollination.
  • Disturbance regulation, i.e. Flood protection.

What are 5 examples of ecosystem services?

More About Ecosystem Services

  • Provisioning Services or the provision of food, fresh water, fuel, fiber, and other goods;
  • Regulating Services such as climate, water, and disease regulation as well as pollination;
  • Supporting Services such as soil formation and nutrient cycling; and.