Question: Does biodiversity increase at lower latitudes?

Is biodiversity greater in lower latitudes?

Biodiversity is normally greater in the lower latitudes as compared to the higher latitudes. … Along the mountain gradients, biodiversity is normally greater in the lower altitudes as compared to the higher altitudes.

Why is biodiversity higher in lower latitudes?

[1] Low-latitude areas have a greater incidence of solar energy, and often a higher air moisture content than higher-latitude areas. This fuels an elevated primary-productivity, providing more resources to the ecology as a whole, enabling competition, specialization and speciation.

Does biodiversity increase with latitude?

Species density is higher in the tropics (low latitude) than in temperate regions (high latitude) resulting in a latitudinal biodiversity gradient (LBG).

Which latitude will have more biodiversity?

For more than three centuries Western science has known that biodiversity is greatest in the tropics. European explorers and traders returned from Africa, Asia and the Americas with thousands of specimens of previously unknown kinds of animals and plants.

How does biodiversity vary with latitude?

The decrease in diversity when moving from lower latitudes towards higher latitudes is referred to as Latitudinal Diversity Gradient. Generally it is observed that the diversity richness is more in the areas near the equator than at the poles. … Altitude also affects the diversity richness inversely.

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Why does biodiversity increase towards the tropics?

The higher temperatures in the tropics cause higher rates of metabolism, ecological dynamics and coevolutionary processes, which generate and maintain higher biodiversity.

Why species diversity is highest at the equator compared to higher latitudes?

A new study led by Oxford Earth Sciences’ Associate Professor Erin Saupe suggests that higher species diversity in equatorial regions may be caused by higher rates of speciation (the formation of new and distinct species in the course of evolution), driven by changes in precipitation across space and through time.

Does biodiversity increase with increasing precipitation?

According to the study, plant diversity is expected to increase where it becomes wetter. This is probably because the seeds of the species found there may have a better chance of germinating and becoming established.

What is the relationship between diversity and latitude quizlet?

What is the relationship between diversity and latitude? As latitude increases, moving away from the equator at the center of the Earth toward either the North Pole or the South Pole, biodiversity decreases.

How can biodiversity be affected?

The main threats facing biodiversity globally are: destruction, degradation and fragmentation of habitats. reduction of individual survival and reproductive rates through exploitation, pollution and introduction of alien species.