How does precipitation affect an ecosystem?
Heavy rainfall negatively affects grassland ecosystem biomass and C sink function because excess soil water content suppresses plant growth. Such negative effects of heavy rainfall may weaken with annual repeated occurrence, because plants adjust physiologically and/or morphologically.
How does temperature affect the ecosystem?
Temperature is an important factor of an ecosystem. Temperature regulates the distribution of living organisms. Optimal temperature promotes diversity. Temperature also regulates the physical state of water.
How temperature and precipitation and other factors that influenced them can affect the climate of an area?
The temperature characteristics of a region are influenced by natural factors such as latitude, elevation and the presence of ocean currents. The precipitation characteristics of a region are influenced by factors such as proximity to mountain ranges and prevailing winds.
How does precipitation affect biodiversity?
As in humid, tropical forests of the Americas (also called the Neotropics) – where links between high rainfall and rich biodiversity are well-established – precipitation resulted in a greater number and variety of plant species, Joseph said. … But in most cases, rain plays a crucial role, that should not be ignored.
How does temperature affect weather and climate?
Higher temperatures mean that heat waves are likely to happen more often and last longer, too. … Warmer temperatures can also lead to a chain reaction of other changes around the world. That’s because increasing air temperature also affects the oceans, weather patterns, snow and ice, and plants and animals.
Why are temperature and precipitation used to classify climates?
Long-term records of temperature and precipitation reveal climate patterns across continents, delineating them into climate regions. … Class names for classification systems based on weather patterns often include geographical names such as polar, tropical, continental, and marine.
Which two factors have the greatest effect on climate?
The two most important factors in the climate of an area are temperature and precipitation. The yearly average temperature of the area is obviously important, but the yearly range in temperature is also important.