How do large bodies of water and mountains affect climate quizlet?

What effect does a large body of water have on climate quizlet?

Large bodies of water affect climate by absorbing or giving off heat. Water heats and cools more slowly than land does, causing sea breezes and land breezes.

How do mountains affect climate quizlet?

How do mountains affect climate? The higher you are on mountains the more altitude there is and more altitude means that it will be colder. Mountains also receive more rainfall.

How can landforms and bodies of water affect climate quizlet?

Large bodies of water are slower to heat and cool than land. Water temperatures are more uniform and constant that land temperatures. Land receives the benefit of the influence and less changeable weather.

How do mountains and oceans affect climate?

The ocean influences weather and climate by storing solar radiation, distributing heat and moisture around the globe, and driving weather systems. … Ocean water is constantly evaporating, increasing the temperature and humidity of the surrounding air to form rain and storms that are then carried by trade winds.

How does higher altitude affect climate?

Altitude or height above sea level – Locations at a higher altitude have colder temperatures. Temperature usually decreases by 1°C for every 100 metres in altitude. 4. … This means that coastal locations tend to be cooler in summer and warmer in winter than places inland at the same latitude and altitude.

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What two factors affect climate most?

The two most important factors in the climate of an area are temperature and precipitation. The yearly average temperature of the area is obviously important, but the yearly range in temperature is also important.

Why do large bodies of water Moderate nearby land climates?

To summarize, large bodies of water tend to moderate the temperature of nearby land due to the high heat capacity of water. This high heat capacity results from both the higher specific heat of water and the mixing of heat throughout a greater depth over oceans.

How does higher altitude affect climate quizlet?

The altitude affects the climate because the higher the altitude, the cooler and harsher the climate. Also, if the latitude is to 0 degrees, the hotter the temperature and the more humidity in the atmosphere.