What is the basic source of biodiversity?
Biodiversity is the variability among living organisms from all sources, including terrestrial, marine, and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part; this includes diversity within species, between species, and of ecosystems.
What is biodiversity resource?
and Biodiversity. Biodiversity for food and agriculture are among the earth’s most important resources. Crops, farm animals, aquatic organisms, forest trees, micro-organisms and invertebrates – thousands of species and their genetic variability make up the web of biodiversity that the world’s food production depends on …
What are the 3 main types of biodiversity?
Biodiversity is usually explored at three levels – genetic diversity, species diversity and ecosystem diversity. These three levels work together to create the complexity of life on Earth.
What is biodiversity answer?
The term biodiversity (from “biological diversity”) refers to the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and can encompass the evolutionary, ecological, and cultural processes that sustain life.
Where can biodiversity be found?
Some areas in the world, such as areas of Mexico, South Africa, Brazil, the southwestern United States, and Madagascar, have more biodiversity than others. Areas with extremely high levels of biodiversity are called hotspots.
What diversity means in biodiversity?
‘Biological diversity’ means the variability among living organisms from all sources including, inter alia, terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are a part; this includes diversity within species, between species and of ecosystems.
Why is biodiversity considered to be a natural resource?
At the most fundamental level, biodiversity provides the basis for all life on earth, ensuring clean air and water, fertile soils and healthy, functioning ecosystems necessary to maintain essential ecosystem services such as soil formation and nutrient storage and cycling.
What is biodiversity with examples?
Biodiversity is the variety of life. … Most people recognize biodiversity by species—a group of individual living organisms that can interbreed. Examples of species include blue whales, white-tailed deer, white pine trees, sunflowers, and microscopic bacteria that can’t even be seen by the naked eye.
What is biodiversity in your own words?
Biodiversity is the shortened form of two words “biological” and “diversity”. It refers to all the variety of life that can be found on Earth (plants, animals, fungi and micro-organisms) as well as to the communities that they form and the habitats in which they live.
What are the four components of biodiversity?
The four major components of biological diversity are: Functional Diversity (biological or chemical processes such as energy flow and matter recycling needed for the survival of species, communities, and ecosystems), Ecological Diversity (the variety of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems found in an area or on the …
What are 4 types of biodiversity?
Four Types of Biodiversity
- Species Diversity. Every ecosystem contains a unique collection of species, all interacting with each other. …
- Genetic Diversity. Genetic diversity describes how closely related the members of one species are in a given ecosystem. …
- Ecosystem Diversity. …
- Functional Diversity.
What is biodiversity class 8 short answer?
Biodiversity or Biological diversity: It refers to the variety or organisms existing on the earth. Their interrelationships and their relationship with the environment. It includes variety of plants, animals and microorganisms. Flora and Fauna: The plants found in a particular area are termed as flora area.
What is the basis of biological diversity of a place?
Biodiversity, at all three levels—genes, species, and ecosystems—is the basis for the sustainability, productivity and resilience of agricultural systems, and is the foundation of ecosystem services essential to agriculture and human well being.