How does pollution relate to environmental science?
1 Pollution Science. … The decline in environmental quality as a consequence of pollution is evidenced by loss of vegetation, biological diversity, excessive amounts of harmful chemicals in the ambient atmosphere and in food grains, and growing risks of environmental accidents and threats to life support systems.
How does air pollution affect natural science?
Ecosystems are impacted by air pollution, particularly sulphur and nitrogen emissions, and ground-level ozone as it affects their ability to function and grow. … Nutrient overloads in aquatic ecosystems can cause algae blooms and ultimately a loss of oxygen, and of life.
What are the effects of air pollution?
Long-term health effects from air pollution include heart disease, lung cancer, and respiratory diseases such as emphysema. Air pollution can also cause long-term damage to people’s nerves, brain, kidneys, liver, and other organs. Some scientists suspect air pollutants cause birth defects.
What is the science behind air pollution?
The Short Answer:
Air pollution is caused by solid and liquid particles and certain gases that are suspended in the air. These particles and gases can come from car and truck exhaust, factories, dust, pollen, mold spores, volcanoes and wildfires. The solid and liquid particles suspended in our air are called aerosols.
How does air pollution affect plants and animals?
Air pollution causes the formation of acid rain, which raises pH (a measure of acidity) in rivers and streams and destroys plants and trees. … Atmospheric ozone can stunt growth in various plant species and these changes affect the quality of habitat and food sources of many animals.
What are the effects of pollution to humans and the environment?
Air pollution is considered as the major environmental risk factor in the incidence and progression of some diseases such as asthma, lung cancer, ventricular hypertrophy, Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases, psychological complications, autism, retinopathy, fetal growth, and low birth weight.
What are the effects of air pollution on the environment and human health?
Exposure to high levels of air pollution can cause a variety of adverse health outcomes. It increases the risk of respiratory infections, heart disease and lung cancer. Both short and long term exposure to air pollutants have been associated with health impacts. More severe impacts affect people who are already ill.